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How to make Parking accessible

The provision of parking spaces near the entrance to the building is important to accommodate people with a varying range of abilities as well as those with limited mobility. For people with medical conditions such as arthritis or heart conditions, those using crutches or wheelchairs, all find it difficult to traverse long distances. It is also crucial to minimize these distances particularly for such users. Therefore, reserved parking should be provided near the main entrance of the Buildings 

Where no parking provisions are available due to space constraint, accessible Drop-off points should be identified and clearly marked. Signage for drop-off point should be distinctly visible, so as to guide persons with disabilities

Technical details:-

  1. Directional signage indicating accessible parking must be installed at the main entrance and at other strategic locations to orient 
  2. The minimum width of the parking space for a car should be 3900 and the minimum length should be 5400 mm as indicated in the figure. This dimension includes 1500 mm transfer area beside the car.
  3. If two reserved parking space is given, the space should not be less than 6300 mm including the shared transfer area. 
  4. The transfer zone, both on the side and rear should be appropriately marked
  5. The accessible route of 1200 mm width should be provided for wheelchair users to pass behind vehicle as shown in figure 
  6. Signage for designated accessible parking should meet the following standards –
      • International symbol of accessibility should be displayed at approaches and entrances to the parking area. 
      • A vertical sign for car parking to be displayed at a minimum height of 2100 mm from floor surface. This height is to ensure that the sign does not get hidden behind large vehicles parked.

        7. Drop-off area, preferably within the range of 30m should be provided near the entrances of all buildings of the educational institution.

        8. Sheltered pedestrian walkway connecting the parking areas with the accessible entrance should be provided.

        9. Sufficient number of reserved car parking should be allocated to avoid any inconvenience as mentioned in the table below: –

Serial No  No of Parking  No of accessible parking 
A minimum of one accessible parking should be provided in every parking area
1 1-10 1
2 11-25 2
3 26-50 3
4 51-100 4
5 101-200 6

How to make Accessible entrance.

Building entrance should be accessible for all that is what an inclusive design means. There must be directional signage which indicate the building entrance from strategic locations. If main entrance is not accessible then directional signage for alternative accessible entrance. The International Symbol of Accessibility must be displayed at accessible entrance. The entrance should be in contrasting colours with surroundings with tactile marking in front of entrance to orient persons with visual impairment. 

Accessible entrances should have nearby drop-off area and parking facility with a provision of tactile route map of Building and its amenities placed at entrance. The tactile route map should be placed adjacent to entrance at accessible height.

Technical Details:-

  1. A ramp of gradient 1:20 if building is not levelled with road.
  2. Width of ramp should be 1200mm wide with both side handrail.
  3. In case of wider ramp or stairs that are more than 3 meters wide, intermediate handrails should be provided.
  4. Handrails should be provided at two levels on both sides on full ramp and stair run. 
  5. First handrail at a height of 650-750 from the floor and second at 850-900 mm from the floor 
  6. They should have a minimum clear space of 50 mm from side wall.
  7. In case the handrail is recessed in the wall, there must a clear vertical space of 450mm from the handrail to the edge of wall.
  8. Special consideration should be given for choosing the material i.e., it should not be a conductor of weather conditions.
  9. Landing both side of entrance door should be1500mmX1500mm.
  10. The doors must have a lever type handle and must be easily operable requiring force of not more than 22N.
  11. If the building is large and multi-storey, the accessible entrance should connect with an accessible route leading to accessible lift.
  12. Tactile layout plan of the building should be provided at the entrance for people with visual impairments.
  13. There should be enough waiting space inside the main accessible entrance, either in the foyer or in the adjacent lobby, for at least two persons using assistive devices.
  14. An appropriate tactile ground surface (TGSI – both directional and warning) should be provided at pathway/walkway to guide the person with vision impairments. The provision of tactile path is must to guide the route towards accessible entrance of building.

ACCESSIBLE ENTRANCE

  1. Dedicated pathway with tactile route
  2. Parking Signage’s
  3. Designated accessible parking slot and transfer space
  4. Wide entrance with Movement space near entrance/ and landing
  5. Resting space

How to make Stairway Accessible

  1. The design of stairs is critical to its safety, ease of use and access for users to all levels. The careful design of steps, floor finish, manoeuvring space, illumination and colour contrast at the staircase are important aspects of the staircase. The stairs should not be the only means of moving between floors but must be supplemented by lifts and/or ramps to improve accessibility.
  2. Though, staircase is not part of the accessible route but it plays a major role during emergency situations to ensure safe evacuation.


    Technical Details:-
  1. The width of the staircase should be determined by the nature and use of the building. Preferably, it should have an unobstructed width of minimum 1500mm and never should be less than 1000mm.
  2. There must be no encroachment on the stairs as it could be hazardous to the users.
  3. Materials such as granite, glazed tiles should be avoided at stairs. Shiny, polished surface materials should not be used as it can be hazardous for persons with low vision.
  4. Stair surface must be non-slippery.
  5. The riser and tread should be of uniform throughout the staircase i.e., 150mm and 300mm respectively.
  6. Staircase must have one landing at every change in direction and after 12 consecutive step whichever comes earlier. Spiral or curved staircases are not recommended as they can be hazardous.
  7. The illumination level on the staircase should be 100 lux for indoor staircases.
  8. Warning tactile should be placed before and after 300mm at the beginning and end of the staircase.
  9. Step edges should be contrasted in tone and colour. Projecting nosing should be avoided.

How to Make Accessible Toilet.

Accessible Bathrooms are designed to accommodate all including persons with reduced mobility as they provide additional comfort and safety. It is crucial that Accessible bathrooms facilities should be provided in every building to ensure privacy as they may face inconvenience in accessing the common toilets which is located at a distance.

An accessible Toilet should be available at each floor of a building and at every 30-50m walking distance from any corner of a building.

Technical Details:-

  1. The size of the bathroom suitable for independent use should be a minimum of 1700 x 2200mm.
  2. Door should be with a clear width of minimum 900mm.
  3. Door should be opened outwards to its full extent. If opening inwards, then it should not obstruct bathroom’s manoeuvring space. If above points are not feasible then sliding door can be considered.
  4. The door handles must be lever type to facilitate easy grip.
  5. Flooring material in the bathrooms should be anti-skid.
  6. The arrangement of toilet accessories and fixtures should be placed such that they provide enough manoeuvring space inside the toilet.
  7. Height of the Water Closet should be 480mm from floor finish.
  8. There should be provision of L-shape grab bar if not available then horizontal and vertical bar. In addition, the opposite side should be equipped with foldable/pull down grab bar.
  9. Height of grab bars should be 800-850mm from floor and place at distance of 250-300mm from outer edge of water closet rim.
  10. The wash basin must be at height of 800mm with clear knee space and it should be reachable when seated on the water closet.
  11. Toilet paper dispenser should be mounted at reachable height from seated position. It should capable of being operated with one hand without excess efforts.
  12. Washroom accessories such as paper towel dispensers, soap dispensers, and waste bins etc. should not be mounted higher than 1200 mm from the floor.
  13. Water tap should be of lever type and throw the water at centre of basin.
  14. The lower edge of mirrors over vanities and washbasins should be mounted not higher than 850 mm from the floor. Alternatively, a tilted mirror can be provided.

LATERAL TRANSFER FROM BOTH SIDES

  1. Door Minimum 900 mm
  2. Foldable grab bars
  3. Washbasin
  4. Toilet folder
  5. Washbasin

POSITIONING OF ACCESSORIES

  1. Drop down support grab bar at height 650-750mm.
  2. Wall mounted horizontal grab bar height 650-750mm.
  3. Wall mounted vertical grab bar.
  4. Mirror, top height minimum 900 mm, bottom height maximum 900 mm above floor
  5. Soap dispenser 800 to 1000 mm above floor
  6. Towels or dryer 800 to 1100 mm above floor
  7. Waste bin
  8. Toilet paper dispenser 600 to 700 mm from FFL
  9. Health faucet at 450-480 mm from FFL
  10. Small finger rinse basin 350 mm maximum projection
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