Pointers For Homes For Elderly Parents & Those With Mobility Impairments


  • A safe and comfortable environment which promotes independence to the elderly.
  • Design that seamlessly incorporates the necessary support devices and mechanism such as grab bars and handrails in an unobtrusive manner.
  • A design that addresses the characteristics of ageing that have the larger impact on an older adult’s relationship to their environment (balance & coordination, loss of strength, loss of vision or weak eyesight, hearing problems and cognitive impairments.


  • Level entry way or ramp with entry level landing for easy door opening. Continuous handrails both sides at the height of 700 mm and 900 mm.
  • The steps and stair: Edges marked in a contrasting color to make them easily visible.
  • Uniform risers and treads of 150 mm and 300 mm respectively.
  • No steps or abrupt level changes on main floor or in circulation path.
  • Wide doorways (900 mm min.)
  • Wide corridor (1500 mm preferable).
  • Door should not be too heavy to operate and should not require a force of more than 20 N to operate.
  • Audio and visual smoke detectors inside house.
  • Natural ventilation and optimum illumination.
  • Windows that have reachable controls & provide a view of the outside for a person sitting on a wheelchair.
  • At least one large bathroom with a 900 mm clear door opening and clear 1500 x 1500 mm floor space.
  • Grab bar provisions at least in one bathroom/toilets.
  • Non-slip flooring in the home especially in bathrooms.
  • A kitchen large enough for easy wheelchair mobility (U or L shaped or open plan preferred).
  • Shelves and racks at reachable height of 1200 mm (from floor finish) inside the kitchen and bathroom.
  • Lever handled faucets in bathroom/kitchen – Easy to operate from hand to compensate for weak hand functions.
  • Lowered height and tilted mirror provision inside the bathroom.
  • Commode height at 450 mm from floor finish with grab bars provision.
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